Let us look at the stabilities of your own conjugate basics ClO

Let us look at the stabilities of your own conjugate basics ClO

These anions is actually stabilized to help you deeper extent, this has lesser destination getting proton hence, tend to become weakened feet. Consequently, new corresponding acidic might possibly be most powerful as weakened conjugate legs has actually strong acidic and you can an effective conjugate foot has actually weakened acid.

Concern 5

This means ClOcuatro – will have maximum stability and therefore will have a minimum attraction for W. Thus CIO4 – will be weakest base and its conjugate acid HCIO4 is the strongest acid.

When aqueous ammonia is added to CuSO4 solution, the solution turns deep blue due to the formation of tetrammine copper (II) complex, [Cu(H2O)6] 2+ (aq) + 4NHstep 3 (aq) \(\rightleftharpoons\) [Cu(NH3)4] 2+ (aq), among H2O and NH3 which is stronger Lewis base. Answer: Copper (II) sulphate solution, for example contains the blue hexaaqua copper (II) complex ion. In the first stage of the reaction, the ammonia acts as a Bronsted – Lowry base. With a small amount of ammonia solution, hydrogen ions are pulled off two water molecules in the hexaaqua ion. This produces a neutral complex, one carrying no charge.

If you remove two positively charged hydrogen ions from a 2+ ion, then obviously there isn’t going to be any charge left on the ion. Because of the lack of charge, the neutral complex isn’t soluble in water and so you get a pale blue precipitate. [Cu(H2O) 6 ] 2+ + 2NH3 [Cu(H2O)4OH] + 2NH4 +

This precipitate is often written as Cu(OH)2 and called copper (II) hydroxide. The reaction is reversible because ammonia is only a weak base. That precipitate dissolves if you add an excess of ammonia solution, giving a deep blue solution. The ammonia uses its lone pair to form a coordinate covalent bond with the copper. It is acting as an electron pair donor – a Lewis base.

The fresh new ammonia changes four of one’s liquids particles around the copper provide tetramminc diaqua copper (II) ions

Question 6. The concentration of hydroxide ion in a water sample is found to be 2.5 x ten -6 M. Identify the nature of the solution. Answer: The concentration of OH ion in a water sample is found to be 2.5 x 10 -6 M pOH = – log10 [OH – ] pOH = – 1og10 [2.5 x 10 -6 ] = – log10 [2.5] – log10 [10 -6 ] = – 0.3979 – ( – 6) = – 0.3979 + 6 pOH = 5.6 Since pOH is less than 7, the solution is basic

Question 7. A lab assistant prepared a solution by adding a calculated quantity of HCl gas 25°C to get a solution with [H3O + ] = 4 x 10 5 M. Is the solution neutral (or) acidic (or) basic. Answer: [H3O + ] = 4 x M pH = – log10 [H3O + ] pH = – 1og10[4 x 10 5 ] pH = – log10 – log10 [10 -5 ] pH = – 0.6020 – ( – 5) = – 0.6020 + 5 pH = 4.398 Therefore, the solution is acidic.

Salem chicas escort

Question 8. Calculate the pH of 0.04 M HNO3 solution. Answer: Concentration of HNO3 = 0.04M [H3O + ] = 0.04 mol dm -3 pH = – 1og[H3O + ] = – log (0.04) = – log(4 x 10 -2 ) = 2 – log4 = 2 – 0.6021 = 1.3979 = 1.40

Question nine. Define solubility tool. Answer: Solubility unit: It’s recognized as the item of your own molar intensity of brand new component ions, for every increased into strength of its stoichiometric coefficient when you look at the a beneficial balanced equilibrium equation.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

Shopping Cart